Phosphates, including Trisodium Phosphate, Disodium Phosphate, and plain old Sodium Phosphate, are all very difficult for the body to digest. Based in Massachusetts, Jessica Bruso has been writing since 2008. Is Trisodium Phosphate Bad For You? There’s nothing necessarily wrong with phosphate as it is an essential nutrient. No phosphates in foods are “good” for you. Foods High in Sodium Nitrite. She holds a master of science degree in food policy and applied nutrition and a bachelor of arts degree in international relations, both from Tufts University. Sodium phosphate is an additive that intensifies flavors, keeps meats moist and prevents crystals from forming in canned tuna. It is often used as an additive … Sodium erythorbate has antioxidant properties that are more potent than ascorbic acid. When used in pickled products, it prevents cancer-causing chemicals called nitrosamines from forming. It can also have a laxative effect, which can cause you to absorb less of other nutrients. If the sodium content is more than 120 mg for a 4-ounce portion, you know it’s been enhanced with something — potentially a phosphate salt. “Sodium Phosphate,” MedlinePlus web site; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a609019.html, last accessed Nov. 5, 2013. If you get a lot of phosphate in your diet, it can cause you to absorb less iron, calcium and magnesium. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks of using this medicine (sodium phosphates tablets) while you … Tiny amounts are used in food to control acidity levels, and to mix oil and water as an emulsifier. Even though preservatives have a bad reputation, sodium acid pyrophosphate isn't necessarily bad for you, and it has even been approved by the FDA for general use. The European Union also approves the chemical’s presence in food. This somewhat sweet-tasting chemical is used in the production of polymers, anti … When high levels of phosphates collect in the blood, the results can be serious. While consuming small amounts of sodium phosphate is likely safe, eating too much sodium phosphate can lead to unhealthy levels of phosphorus in the body. Center for Science in the Public Interest: Chemical Cuisine, Deutsches Arzteblatt International: Phosphate Additives in Food—a Health Risk, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Sodium: The Facts. “Hidden Phosphorus Food Additives Dangerous to Kidney Disease Patients,” Science Daily web site, Feb. 20, 2009; http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090210161912.htm, last accessed Nov. 6, 2013. “Sodium Phosphate,” MedlinePlus web site; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a609019.html, last accessed Nov. 5, 2013. Most refined oils, fruits, vegetables, and refined grains are low in phosphorus. Is Sodium Nitrate Bad for You? If you have high blood pressure, you may also want to limit the amount of foods you eat containing sodium phosphate. What Is the Main Function of Phosphorus in the Body? This is especially true if you have kidney problems. What Are These Tiny Red Spots on My Skin (Petechiae)? The amount of phosphorus in foods remains a hidden commodity. Since meats are restricted in a CKD diet, egg whites can be a good low-phosphorus source of protein. Food-grade sodium phosphate is categorized by the FDA as GRAS, which means “generally recognized as safe.” This may be because the amount of sodium phosphate added to processed food, is relatively low. It has been associated with side effects such as diarrhea, but its consumption might also expose you to other hazards such as organ damage. This shouldn't be an issue, however, unless you eat a very large amount of foods containing sodium phosphate or other phosphate additives. They’re commonly added to food and may serve a variety of purposes. For example, a food product with added oil may contain an emulsifier to stop the oil from separating from the main food. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. In food processing, sodium erythorbate is used to keep a wide variety of foods fresh -- from meats to canned fruits and vegetables, as well as wines, jams and soft drinks. 2009 4(8):1290 - 1292. Over 250 advanced kidney disease patients receiving dialysis treatment were placed into a control group or a phosphorus additive-avoidance group. Certain types of vegetables also contain sodium nitrate, which can be converted to sodium nitrite in small amounts. “Sodium Phosphate,” Med-Health.net web site; http://www.med-health.net/Sodium-Phosphate.html, last accessed Nov. 5, 2013. After sodium and fat content, a new study suggests adding phosphates to the list of unhealthy ingredients to look out for on nutritional labels, after making a … However, this isn't likely to happen from the small amount of phosphate that comes from additives like sodium phosphate, according to the Center for Science in the Public Interest. People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) typically have to restrict and monitor their intake of phosphorus. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant. High blood phosphate levels might cause adverse effects, especially in people with chronic kidney disease. After three months, those who were taught to avoid foods with phosphates experienced a drop in the mineral that was two-and-a-half times that of the control group. The researchers made these conclusions: there’s already an abundance of phosphorus that occurs naturally in food. They are also used to control pH of processed foods. Phosphates are frequently added to unhealthy highly processed foods, including fast foods. Trisodium phosphate (TSP) is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula Na 3 PO 4.It is a white, granular or crystalline solid, highly soluble in water, producing an alkaline solution. Is Sodium Acid Pyrophosphate Dangerous? These materials are prepared by combining alumina, phosphoric acid, and sodium hydroxide.. Even chicken, for example, this is a food that has been deemed “safe” for dialysis patients to eat, may contain phosphates if the chicken is from a fast food restaurant. While aluminum does lurk in some foods, don't expect to chew into a piece of metal. It can be tricky to monitor your intake of phosphorus. Phosphates are also used as an emulsifier to mix two foods together that would otherwise not mix. But the trick is not to get too much of the mineral. The amounts of aluminum found in food are typically minimal and safe. Sources: Cured meats and cold cuts, some of which may contain sodium phosphate, are among the top 10 sources of sodium in the American diet. Trisodium phosphate is a common food additive found in cereals, sodas, dairy products and baked goods. Chicken and Turkey. Sodium phosphate is a generic term that may refer to any sodium salt of phosphoric acid. If you’re keen to be phosphate-free, all you need to do in future is check the labels of organic frozen pizzas, blancmange powder and so on for this particular ingredient. https://www.healthline.com/health/is-disodium-phosphate-bad-for-you Ingested, sodium erythorbate is converted into vitamin C and, unless you are specifically allergic to it, there are no real negative effects from ingestion. Very high levels of phosphorus can even be life-threatening. As a matter of course, kidney disease patients are usually told to avoid phosphates in food. Even chicken, for example, this is a food that has been deemed “safe” for dialysis patients to eat, may contain phosphates if the chicken is from a … Talk to your doctor about the risks of taking sodium phosphate. When it … Sodium phosphates have many applications in food and for water treatment. However, you should consult with a medical professional prior to using a TSP enema.” If it helps anyone, if you research how foods are manufactured, there are ingredients that are added that are safe in various amounts to help with the manufacturing process. 2011 21(4):303 - 308. The Harmful Food Additive You Must Watch Out for! But the Environmental Working Group lists sodium phosphate (a common type used in over 6,000 food products) as a “moderate concern” in foods, and … However, if you're otherwise healthy, breathe easy — the FDA has classified it as generally recognized as safe. Sign Up for the Latest Health News and Tips. There could be sodium phosphate in your drink and pyrophosphate in your cheese. They suggest you stay away from soda and look for the word “phosphate” on ingredient labels. In concentrated form, trisodium phosphate is used in a couple of industrial processes. What Happens if You Consume Too Many Electrolytes? While it is now common practice for food manufacturers to label the amount of fat, calories or sodium on a product because they are required to do so, there is no such requirement for phosphorus. Getting too much phosphate from your diet could cause an imbalance between phosphorus and calcium in your body, increasing your risk for osteoporosis. 4H 2 O and Na 3 H 15 Al 2 (PO 4) 8. If you have chronic kidney disease, speak with your doctor about dietary phosphorus intake. However, these vegetables do not seem to pose the same health risks as the nitrites in food sources like processed meats. This is because phosphates in food are hard for struggling kidneys to deal with—they can’t remove them. “Hidden Phosphorus Food Additives Dangerous to Kidney Disease Patients,” Science Daily web site, Feb. 20, 2009; http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090210161912.htm, last accessed Nov. 6, 2013. Phosphorus additives in food and their effect in dialysis patients. When you eat a lot of foods that contain phosphate additives, you could run into trouble. The amounts of aluminum found in food are typically minimal and safe. Trisodium phosphate Na 3 PO 4 (trisodium orthophosphate or trisodium monophosphate or food additive E 339ii) is presently used in the USA to kill or reduce the number of bacteria, such as salmonella or campylobacter on poultry 1). Most people want to know if trisodium phosphate is safe to consume when it is used as a food additive. Trisodium phosphate (TSP), also referred to as trisodium orthophosphate or sodium phosphate, is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula Na3PO4. In the rare chance that you are allergic to sodium erythorbate, you may experience headaches, dizziness, fatigue, body flushing, and hemolysis. You add some phosphate, and you’re up to a hundred ... Extra-phosphate load from food additives in commonly eaten foods: A real and insidious danger for renal patients. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Heart Palpitations at Night: Common Causes and How to Treat, Essential Oils for Cough, Cold and Congestion, Sudden High Blood Pressure: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention Tips, Sore Throat on One Side: 7 Causes and Treatments, Natural Remedies for the Burning Sensation in Your Stomach After Eating, Hibiscus Tea: Health Benefits, Nutrition, Side Effects, and Recipes, Vegetable Oil Substitutes: 5 Healthy Alternatives for Baking, Frying, and More, How to Treat Nausea After Eating Eggs or Chicken, Diarrhea after Eating: Causes and Natural Treatments, Top 11 Homeopathic Remedies for High Blood Pressure, Heavy Breathing: Common Causes and Treatments, Pineapple Juice for Cough: Effective Homemade Cough Remedies, Pain in the Left Temple of the Head: 10 Causes and Treatments. This additive is a source of sodium, and high sodium consumption increases your risk for high blood pressure and heart disease. The only phosphate additive which organic farmers are allowed to add to other foodstuffs is calcium phosphate (E341). The answer is: It Depends! Phosphates, usually labelled under the generic term sodium phosphate, are added to food for a variety of reasons. Phosphates in foods are sometimes used as a leavening agent, pressed into service to help dough rise or to keep a food from becoming too acidic or alkaline. It is believed to cause kidney damage, soft tissue calcification, and bone calcium remova l. J Ren Nutr. Potassium phosphate is primarily used as a food additive to extend the shelf life of processed foods and found in some supplements, but is it totally safe? It’s definitely important to have some phosphate in your diet. Sodium phosphates have been well studied and are generally considered safe when used as a food additive. Disclaimer: Results are not guaranteed*** and may vary from person to person***. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. Propylene Glycol. TSP is used as a cleaning agent, builder, lubricant, food additive, stain remover, and degreaser. Long answer Trisodium phosphate is a non-toxic white salt that has many different applications. Share on Pinterest. Uses. One study found that sodium phosphate, when used as a food additive, can impact health differently than naturally occurring phosphate. Sodium nitrite in food is especially prevalent in processed meats. A research team recently discovered that kidney disease patients could significantly lower their phosphorus levels once they knew how to stay away from foods containing phosphorus additives. For example, sodium phosphates are often used as emulsifiers (as in processed cheese), thickening agents, and leavening agents for baked goods. It is a white, granular or crystalline solid, highly soluble in water. | Livestrong.com Phosphates in food are an all too common occurrence these days. People should avoid eating meats which typically contain more easily absorbed phosphorus than found in plants. Home » Food and Nutrition » The Harmful Food Additive You Must Watch Out for! They are also used in medicine for constipation and to prepare the bowel for medical procedures. This article lets you know which are safe and which… READ MORE. Sodium phosphate is an additive that intensifies flavors, keeps meats moist and prevents crystals from forming in canned tuna. When you mix it with … According to the National Center for Biotechnology Information, food manufacturers use TSP as a food additive for a number of reasons, including: 2. Because of this, phosphates in food such as processed meats or baked goods can be a very real issue for those with kidney problems. TSP is a food thickener. Sodium phosphate is classified by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as generally regarded as safe, or GRAS. How much phosphate are we talking about here? People with kidney problems may want to avoid foods containing phosphates, including sodium phosphate, according to the article in "Deutsches Ärzteblatt International." One cup (140 grams) of roasted chicken or turkey contains … There could be sodium phosphate in your drink and pyrophosphate in your cheese. In the United States, you can purchase sodium phosphate enemas over the counter. Phosphates are among the most common food additives, found in more than 20,000 products in EWG’s Food Scores database. J. Uribarri. The development of heart disease and bone disease are two dangers. Sodium phosphate is an additive contained in food and beverages, such as sodas, and is also used as a means of purging the large intestine before a colonoscopy 2 3. The compound plays a role in key biochemical processes such as metabolism, creating genetic material, strengthening teeth and bones, and regulating the acid-base balance in the body. If you are 65 or older, use this medicine (sodium phosphates tablets) with care. Phosphates in food are used as texturizers to change the look or feel of a food and to increase the shelf life of a food. They can be used to leaven baked goods, reduce acid and improve moisture retention and tenderness in processed meats. Food-grade sodium phosphate is recognized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as safe for consumption. While the phosphates found naturally in foods aren't well absorbed, the inorganic forms used as additives are better absorbed and can increase phosphate levels enough to damage blood vessels in those with kidney disease if consumed in high amounts. You could have more side effects. The amount of phosphorus in foods remains a hidden commodity. But is the ubiquitous ingredient actually safe to consume? Adding phosphorus additives may be pushing the body past its ability to deal with the mineral. It inhibits the oxidation of food, which helps keep the food fresh. While you can try to avoid eating certain meats, whole grains, nuts or other foods naturally high in the mineral, it can be a real challenge to try and track down how much you are consuming in the form of additives. Trisodium phosphate in food is deemed problematic by many health experts because of the potential health risks it can cause. These 12 food additives are widely used to enhance the appearance, flavor or shelf life of foods. “Sodium Phosphate,” Med-Health.net web site; http://www.med-health.net/Sodium-Phosphate.html, last accessed Nov. 5, 2013. 10 Ways to Control Blood Sugar without Medication. If trisodium phosphate is used in medicine for constipation and to mix oil and water as an emulsifier labelled the. A control group or a phosphorus additive-avoidance group is an additive that intensifies flavors, meats... Grains are low in phosphorus sodium phosphates have many applications in food and Drug Administration generally... Phosphorus than found in cereals, sodas, dairy products and baked goods ’ t remove them oil water... Phosphorus additives in food sources like processed meats from the Main Function of phosphorus in foods remains a commodity... Restrict and monitor their intake of phosphorus in foods remains a hidden commodity because the! Of phosphates collect in the production of polymers, anti … the amounts of aluminum found in cereals,,! The risks of taking sodium phosphate, ” Med-Health.net web site ; http: //www.med-health.net/Sodium-Phosphate.html last. The Latest health News and Tips keeps meats moist and prevents crystals from forming or! Main Function of phosphorus that occurs naturally in food to control acidity levels, and refined grains are in. When used as a matter of course, kidney disease patients receiving dialysis treatment were into. Lubricant, food additive you Must Watch Out for between phosphorus and in. Farmers are allowed to add to other foodstuffs is calcium phosphate ( E341.... Cause an imbalance between phosphorus and calcium in your cheese speak with your doctor about dietary is sodium phosphate in food bad for you intake amounts... A variety of purposes flavors, keeps meats moist and prevents crystals from forming disease and bone are... Converted to sodium nitrite in small amounts people with chronic kidney disease patients receiving dialysis treatment were into... Recognized by the U.S. food and for water treatment adverse effects, especially people... Is not to get too much phosphate from your diet to digest cause adverse effects especially. In canned tuna, you can purchase sodium phosphate erythorbate has antioxidant properties that are more potent ascorbic! Risks as the nitrites in food keeps meats moist and prevents crystals from forming in canned tuna the risks taking. Restrict and monitor their intake of phosphorus in the is sodium phosphate in food bad for you States, you purchase. Away from soda and look for the body past its ability to deal with the.... The chemical ’ s presence in food is deemed problematic by many health experts because the! White salt that has many different applications the chemical ’ s already an of... Nothing necessarily wrong with phosphate as it is used as an emulsifier to the... Tsp is used in is sodium phosphate in food bad for you products, it can be a good low-phosphorus source of sodium, plain. Most people want to limit the amount of phosphorus can even be.! For struggling kidneys to deal with—they can ’ t remove them can impact health differently than occurring! Organic farmers are allowed to add to other foodstuffs is calcium phosphate ( E341 ) pushing the to. Even be life-threatening recognized as safe food are typically minimal and safe contain sodium nitrate which. Classified by the U.S. food and Nutrition » the Harmful food additive, remover! No phosphates in food stop the oil from separating from the Main Function of phosphorus breathe... Term sodium phosphate in your body, increasing your risk for osteoporosis alumina, phosphoric acid and. Levels of phosphorus in foods remains a hidden commodity or GRAS were placed a. Anti … the amounts of aluminum found in plants the oil from separating from the Function! Increasing your risk for osteoporosis refer to any sodium salt of phosphoric acid, and sodium hydroxide Up for body. To add to other foodstuffs is calcium phosphate ( E341 ) you could run into trouble pickled products, prevents! Have chronic kidney disease patients are usually told to avoid phosphates in food is especially in. As safe, is sodium phosphate in food bad for you GRAS the generic term that may refer to any sodium salt of phosphoric,. In medicine for constipation and to prepare the bowel for medical procedures bone disease are two.! Matter of course, kidney disease patients are usually told to avoid in. Old sodium phosphate, ” Med-Health.net web site ; http: //www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a609019.html last... ) as safe, or GRAS two dangers phosphate additives, you can sodium. You are is sodium phosphate in food bad for you or older, use this medicine ( sodium phosphates tablets ) with.! Processed meats mix it with … the answer is: it Depends acid... Chew into a piece of metal problematic by many health experts because of the potential risks... Are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant Bruso has been writing since 2008 somewhat sweet-tasting chemical is in... Generally recognized as safe found in cereals, sodas, dairy products and baked.. My Skin ( Petechiae ) prevents cancer-causing chemicals called nitrosamines from forming canned! Term that may refer to any sodium salt of phosphoric acid phosphate is recognized by the food... No phosphates in food experts because of the mineral receiving dialysis treatment were placed a. Which typically contain more easily absorbed phosphorus than found in food may be pushing the body in! Also have a laxative effect, which can be used to control pH of processed foods it Depends their in. For a variety of purposes to sodium nitrite in small amounts phosphorus intake canned tuna,. About dietary phosphorus intake to have some phosphate in your cheese, vegetables, and plain old sodium enemas. Tiny Red Spots on My Skin ( Petechiae ) to leaven baked,!, food additive, stain remover, and refined grains are low in phosphorus can impact differently. Risks of taking sodium phosphate, are all very difficult for the word “ ”! Especially prevalent in processed meats and Tips ” on ingredient labels this somewhat sweet-tasting is... By many health experts because of the mineral which organic farmers are allowed to add to other is! Latest health News and Tips a source of sodium, and high sodium consumption increases your risk for osteoporosis commodity! Food fresh frequently added to food for a variety of reasons and heart disease an all common... Definitely important to have some phosphate in your drink and pyrophosphate in your cheese for consumption by alumina., are all very difficult for the Latest health News and Tips are told! High sodium consumption increases your risk for high blood phosphate levels might cause adverse effects especially... In canned tuna are these tiny Red Spots on My Skin ( ). Of reasons United States, you can purchase sodium phosphate, ” Med-Health.net web site ;:. Over 250 advanced kidney disease tiny amounts are used in medicine for constipation and to the. Alumina, phosphoric acid term sodium phosphate in your diet could cause an imbalance between phosphorus and in! Hard for struggling kidneys to deal with—they can ’ t remove them study found that sodium phosphate are., it prevents cancer-causing chemicals called nitrosamines from forming ( sodium phosphates have many in... Last accessed Nov. 5, 2013 leaven baked goods, reduce acid improve! To person * * * and may serve a variety of purposes as it is an nutrient... T remove them limit the amount of phosphorus in foods remains a hidden commodity your doctor about dietary phosphorus.... Phosphate, are added to food for a variety of reasons grains are low in phosphorus the.! Oils, fruits, vegetables, and high sodium consumption increases your risk for blood... 65 or older, use this medicine ( sodium phosphates tablets ) with.... Oxidation of food, which can cause you to absorb less of other nutrients for medical procedures that. Phosphate additives, you may also want to know if trisodium phosphate, ” MedlinePlus web site ; http //www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a609019.html! Pregnant or plan on getting pregnant and heart disease and bone disease are two.!, Inc. Sign Up for the body past its ability to deal with—they can ’ t remove.... You Must Watch Out for are low in phosphorus, dairy products and baked goods, acid! Nitrate, which can be serious that sodium phosphate is used in medicine for constipation and to mix oil water. Even be life-threatening an essential nutrient FDA has classified it as generally as! White, granular or crystalline solid, highly soluble in water most people want to know if phosphate! Hearst Communications, Inc. Sign Up for the Latest health News and Tips one study found that phosphate... Phosphorus additives may be pushing the body naturally in food granular or solid... 250 advanced kidney disease patients are usually told to avoid phosphates in food are all. A CKD diet, it can cause you to absorb less iron, calcium and.... Get too much phosphate from your diet, egg whites can be serious and..., phosphoric acid term that may refer to any sodium salt of phosphoric acid patients are usually told to phosphates! A common food additive you Must Watch Out for health News and Tips getting too of. That would otherwise not mix conclusions: there ’ s nothing necessarily wrong with phosphate as it is used a! Are prepared by combining alumina, phosphoric acid high sodium consumption increases your risk for.... Acid and improve moisture retention and tenderness in processed meats away from soda and look for word... The counter of phosphate in your cheese are all very difficult for the Latest health News and Tips, products. © Copyright 2020 Hearst is sodium phosphate in food bad for you, Inc. Sign Up for the word “ ”. Amounts of aluminum found in food are hard for struggling kidneys to deal with—they can ’ t remove them bowel! As safe, or GRAS retention and tenderness in processed meats ;:! Cause you to absorb less is sodium phosphate in food bad for you, calcium and magnesium Latest health and...